Thursday, October 31, 2019
United States v. Leon, 468 U.S. 897 - Case Study Example y afforded to law enforcement officers, and on the other a deviation from well-established rule against illegal searches and seizures diminishing a commonly accepted constitutional right. Cruikshank (1986) thus ascertains that Ã¢â¬Å"The inquiry no longer is whether the fourth amendment was violated but whether the deterrent effect of the exclusionary rule outweighs the potential cost of losing valuable evidenceÃ¢â¬ (p. 417). There is now a shift from individual rights to the duties of police officers in establishing the correct application of the Constitution as determined by the judiciary. This is a far cry from the basic premise of any constitution as the fundamental law of the land. It must serve as a limitation on the powers of government and a reminder of the supremacy of the people. The inclusion of probable cause in the criterion for the issuance of a warrant was a definitive statement as to the powers that may be accorded in the proper disturbance of a person in his rights. The defense of good faith seems as an easy enough loophole to violate what I ardently believed to be a constitutional right despite how the Supreme Court ruled otherwise. Cruikshank, C. (1986). Dismantling the exclusionary rule: United States v. Leon and the courts of Washington-should good faith excuse bad acts? University of Puget Sound Law Review, 9. Retrieved from
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Monopoly Review Essay 1. What character did you choose from the available choices? Why? What are the pros and cons of choosing this character in the game? The character I pick was pat the plastic surgeon because she makes a lot of money the pros are that she makes a lot of money and the cons are that he life is work. 2. What housing and car option did you choose? Why? I pick the mansion because she makes a lot of money. 3. How much money did you allocate for the characters retirement and paying off debts? Were you successful in management the money so that the character has some disposable income? I allocated 2785 to pay off debts yes I was successful to management the money so that the character has some disposable income 4. How do the changes in the game from year to year reflect real-life economics? Changes in the game from year to year is reflect of real life economies by how money is spend from for thing here and there and you can get in debt 5. What was your ending net worth? How many years can you exist on your current salary with your current salary? My ending net worth was about 22456871135 I think it was that it was about 6 years with the salary of 75000 or something like that. 6. What do you think you did well in the game? What do you think you could improve in regards to managing the characters money? That the end I have no debt I think I did great it no being in debt I could improve is to save more money and not to spend money Play the game again, but using a different character. 7. What character did you choose for the second game? Compare and contrast the situations of the first and second characters. The first time I play tis game I got a debt free at the end of the game and I got to retire in 6 year if I save my money my hole life and the second time I played it 8. How did your strategy differ between the games? Did you change the way that you did anything? I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really had a strategy thought out the game but I thought how it would change the way I look at thing thought out the game 9. Did the differing levels of income, debt, and lifestyle expenses influence the choices that you made? Why or why not? yes the differing levels of income and debt was a influence the choices that I made because of the spend of money and the people who are out there trying to get my money 10. What can you learn from this game about managing your own finances? I learn that everything you do like spending money is finances impact every on a pack of gum.
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Cuisine in the AndalucÃ a and Aragon Regions In this Project I will be discussing Spanish gastronomy, in particular from the regions of AndalucÃ a and Aragon I will begin with an introduction of both the regions and then go onto outline the food they like to eat, discussing the dishes that are unique to the region from each province within the region, and how popular the dishes are, and I will research the produce that is unique to each region and the tradition(s) behind the food and the people, I will also provide illustrations to give visual impact to my discussion. AndalucÃ a is the largest populated region in Spain boasting an incredible 8,285,692 inhabitants locating its self southerly, easterly facing the Mediterranean and westerly the Atlantic Ocean. AndalucÃ a is divided by eight provinces Almeria, Malaga, Granada, Seville, Huelva, Cadiz, Cordoba and Jaen. Essentially the region offers a Mediterranean climate with dry, hot summers and polar like cold winters, making it an attractive location for tourists with its golden beaches and mountain ranges. AndalucÃ a is typically an agricultural region but the service sector is now the regions predominant source of income incorporating tourism, retail sales and transportation. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andalusia- 12-3-2010) Aragon is a Spanish region in the north east of the country and it borders with France. The region is divided into three provinces which are Huesca, Zaragoza and Teruel. Aragon is one of Spains smallest regions and homes 1,277,471 people. The region in difference to AndalucÃ a is an in-land region and doesnt have beaches, but is blessed with rich green pastures and orchards, valleys and permanent glaciers. Aragon also has many rivers, one of which it is known for is the river Ã¢â¬ËEbro (Spains largest river) and with it being in the midst of the Pyrenees it is surrounded by many mountains including the highest in the Pyrenees the Ã¢â¬ËAneto. Aragon is one of Spains richest regions although its revenue is similar to AndalucÃ as of agricultural and Service sector. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aragon 17/03/2010) AndalucÃ a is a beautiful region of southern Spain, where it is rich in fresh produce thus making it gastronomically precious. The prime diet of the region is the Mediterranean diet like in a lot of Spain. In this section I am going to talk about each province of AndalucÃ a and some of the dishes and produce they have to offer. Almeria. Almerian dishes are mostly based on produce such as pepper, garlic and tomatoes and include the following popular dishes: Ã¢â¬ËOlla de trigo, Ã¢â¬ËAjo colorao, Ã¢â¬Ëmorgas, paprika stew and Ã¢â¬ËGachas pancake. (http://www.s4c.co.uk/casadudley/e_casadudley_andalucia.shtml 18-03-2010) Ã¢â¬ËOlla de trigo is pots of wheat and Ã¢â¬ËAjo colorao is red garlic. Granada. Granada is popular for its Ã¢â¬ËSacromonte omelette and Grenadine style broad beans. The style of cooking in Granada has a lot of Arabian influences, with it being spicy and sweet, and consisting in stews and soups. Granada like in a lot of Spain, offers a good variety of Tapas in its bars, where you can sample a variety of national and regional bites and light snacks. Generally Granadas gastronomy forms around fresh fruit and vegetables, salt and vinegar and olive oil and whatever you eat from the region will have one if not all these ingredients within it. Summery soups are Ã¢â¬ËGaspachos and Ã¢â¬ËAjo Blanco and wintery Ã¢â¬Ëthicker soups such as: Ã¢â¬ËOlla de san Anton. The Grenadine style broad beans are wrapped in ham and are called Ã¢â¬ËHabas con Jamon. (http://www.whatgranada.com/granada-food.html 18-03-2010) Malaga. Food in Malaga is based around seafood, poultry, sausage, olive oil and locally grown vegetables. Ã¢â¬ËChanquetes is a popular dish made with small fishes such as sardines and Ã¢â¬ËBoquerones in vinegar (marinated and pickled Anchovies). Rabo de Toro a la RondeÃ ±a. Is another popular regional dish which is a bulls tail. (http://www.spanishabroad.com/spain/Malaga/mala_food.htm -20-03-2010) Huelva. Huelva is home to a busy port, so the produce that surrounds the province in abundance is Seafood, so its restaurants are rich with fresh fish and shell fish. A popular dish is Ã¢â¬ËChoco which is a small cuttle fish, and Huelva is well known throughout Spain for its Ã¢â¬ËGambas Blancas (white prawns) and an array of clams: Ã¢â¬ËChirlas, Ã¢â¬ËCoquinas and Ã¢â¬Ëalmejas. Other famous dishes are Ã¢â¬ËRape al vino Blanco (Monk fish in white wine) and Ã¢â¬ËRaya al pimenton Ã¢â¬Ë(Skate with paprika). (http://www.andalucia.com/cities/huelva/restaurants.htm 24-03-2010) Cadiz. The food in Cadiz like in a lot of AndalucÃ a, is predominantly sea food based, finding amongst its coast lines, shrimp, sea-snails, squid, sea-urchins, lobster and prawns, but seafood is not the only thing people eat in Cadiz, meats such as Pork, goat, beef, game and lamb are widely consumed. Some of the nicest seafood dishes of the province are: Ã¢â¬ËAbaja de pescado (Fish stew), Ã¢â¬ËGambas al ajillo (prawns fried in garlic) Ã¢â¬ËCazon en adobo (Dogfish marinated) Ã¢â¬ËCadillios de peros (Fish; stewed in orange) and as far as the meat dishes go: Ã¢â¬ËGuiso de Rabo de Toro (oxtail stew) Ã¢â¬ËPerdiz estofada (partridge casserole) (http://www.whatcadiz.com/spain-food-wine.html 24-03-2010) Seville. The people of Seville are famous for being known as the people who do not eat but feed on Tapas. (http://www.andalucia.com/gastronomy/provincial.htm 26-03-2010) So a good way to get to know Sevillian food is to try as many dishes as possible from all the tapas bars, this is the way the locals eat, amongst big groups of friends eating lots of small portions from the tapas bars. Cured meats such as Ã¢â¬ËJamon Serrano Iberico, prawns of sanlucar, fried fish, including Ã¢â¬ËGaspacho and fresh salads. When the Sevillians are not out eating at the tapas bars and taverns, they do a lot of home cooking as the people of Seville are not keen restaurant goers. The true specialities of the region are Flamenco eggs, stuffed artichokes and sautÃ ©ed kidney with sherry. (http://www.aboutsevilla.com/sevilla/food-drink.asp 26-03-2010) Cordoba. Unlike the other regions I have spoke about in AndalucÃ a and their very seafood orientation, Cordobas food seems to be more in-land with delicious gamey dishes and stews, quite similar to Almerian dishes. Produce such as peppers, pumpkin, purple grapes are included in the dishes and also exotic spices such as cumin and saffron. Some other popular dishes include Ã¢â¬ËSalmorejo cordobes (a thicker Gaspacho style soup), Ã¢â¬ËMorcilla (Blood sausage), Ã¢â¬ËSalchichon de Pozo Blanco (cured sausage). (http://www.whatcordoba.com/cordoba-food.html 28-04-2010) Jaen. Jaen, the final province in AndalucÃ a, a province which bases its food on olive oil and some popular dishes include Ã¢â¬ËEspinacas Jineses (a style of spinach typical to Jaen) Ã¢â¬ËAjilmojili (a provincial style of potato cooked with olive oil, red peppers and vinegar). There is also an area of Jaen where fish is more widely consumed with fish dishes being more cod and herring based which are used to make the following dishes: Ã¢â¬ËAjoharina and Ã¢â¬ËAndrajos. Jaen is known for products such as Ã¢â¬ËAfajores (macaroons), Ã¢â¬ËMostachones (a provincial sweet made with, flour, cinnamon, lemon and sugar), Ã¢â¬ËRoscos (a type of donut) and a selection of local marmalades. (http://www.andalucia.com/gastronomy/provincial.htm 29-03-2010) I have based this project more so on AndalucÃ an cuisine, but in the following section I will briefly state some of the dishes from Aragon comparatively to the dishes of AndalucÃ a. Aragon. Aragonese cuisine is known as the most wholesome and straight forward in Spain and with Aragon being in-land and bordering France and homing the Pyrenees, the food is simpler, warm and homely, differing from the AndalucÃ as zest and vibrant seafood. In Zaragoza you find meat dishes such as Lamb and goat cooked on a spit, vegetable stew and some local favourites such as Ã¢â¬Ëhuevos al salmorejo (eggs with asparagus sauce) and Ã¢â¬ËPollo a la chilindron (Chicken in a cured ham sauce) (http://www.zaragozatravel.com/dining.htm) 30-03-2010.) The region also includes dishes that combine, meat, chocolate and fruit, popular dishes include partridge with chocolate, Fried Pyrenees trout (the best trout from the rivers in the region) and Serrano ham from Teruel (which are made and cured in the bitter winter months up in the mountains) and Ã¢â¬ËSopa aragonese which is made with liver and cheese; dating back to the 17th century.( http://www.iberianfoods.co.uk/Aragon.htm) 30-02-2010)
Friday, October 25, 2019
The Deductive Problem of Evil Ã Ã Ã One of the major philosophical debates concerning God's existence involves the problem of evil.Ã The problem has two basic formulations, one is deductive, the other inductive.Ã The deductive form of the problem asks the following:Ã Is the existence of evil logically compatible with a necessarily benevolent and necessarily omnipotent being?Ã One of the philosophers who discusses the problem is Richard Gale.Ã I will begin this essay by outlining the deductive problem of evil according to Gale.Ã I will then try to refute the deductive argument and prove that the existence of evil is indeed logically compatible with a benevolent and omnipotent being.Ã A conclusion will then follow. The deductive argument has been around since the time of Epicurus.1Ã Ã In its simplest form, the problem is stated as follows: 1. God is omnipotent 2. God is wholly good 3. Evil exists Proponents of the argument believe the set of propositions is logically inconsistent, i.e. that at least one proposition must be false.Ã This basic formulation is problematic.Ã It presupposes two important things:Ã First, that God and evil are logically incompatible; and second, that God's omnipotence is unlimited.Ã It is obvious, then, that some additional premises are needed if the argument is to succeed.Ã W.L. Mackie was one of the first philosophers to provide these additional premises.2Ã He adds the following premises to the set: 4. A wholly good (omni-benevolent) being eliminates and prevents every evil he can.3 5. There are no limits to what an omnipotent being can do. With the insertion of these revised principles, Mackie hopes to deduce a contradiction, namely that evil does not exist (from 1,... ...Ibid.Ã P. 103 8 Some philosophers have referred to this idea as the Condition of Reasonable Epistemic Access (COREA) Works Consulted: Christlieb, Terry. "Which Theisms Face an Evidential Problem of Evil?" Faith and Philosophy 9 (January 1992): 45-64. Griffin, David. Evil Revisited: Responses and Reconsiderations. Albany: SUNY Press, 1991. -Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã - -. God, Power and Evil: A Process Theodicy. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976. Plantinga, Alvin. "Epistemic Probability and Evil." Archivio di Filosophia 56 (1988). - - -. "The Probabilistic Argument from Evil." Philosophical Studies 35 (January 1979): 1-53. Reichenbach, Bruce. "Natural Evils and Natural Laws: A Theodicy for Natural Evils." International Philosophical Quarterly 16 (June, 1976): 179-88. Rowe, William L. "Ruminations About Evil," Philosophical Perspectives 5 (1991). The Deductive Problem of Evil Essays -- Philosophy essays The Deductive Problem of Evil Ã Ã Ã One of the major philosophical debates concerning God's existence involves the problem of evil.Ã The problem has two basic formulations, one is deductive, the other inductive.Ã The deductive form of the problem asks the following:Ã Is the existence of evil logically compatible with a necessarily benevolent and necessarily omnipotent being?Ã One of the philosophers who discusses the problem is Richard Gale.Ã I will begin this essay by outlining the deductive problem of evil according to Gale.Ã I will then try to refute the deductive argument and prove that the existence of evil is indeed logically compatible with a benevolent and omnipotent being.Ã A conclusion will then follow. The deductive argument has been around since the time of Epicurus.1Ã Ã In its simplest form, the problem is stated as follows: 1. God is omnipotent 2. God is wholly good 3. Evil exists Proponents of the argument believe the set of propositions is logically inconsistent, i.e. that at least one proposition must be false.Ã This basic formulation is problematic.Ã It presupposes two important things:Ã First, that God and evil are logically incompatible; and second, that God's omnipotence is unlimited.Ã It is obvious, then, that some additional premises are needed if the argument is to succeed.Ã W.L. Mackie was one of the first philosophers to provide these additional premises.2Ã He adds the following premises to the set: 4. A wholly good (omni-benevolent) being eliminates and prevents every evil he can.3 5. There are no limits to what an omnipotent being can do. With the insertion of these revised principles, Mackie hopes to deduce a contradiction, namely that evil does not exist (from 1,... ...Ibid.Ã P. 103 8 Some philosophers have referred to this idea as the Condition of Reasonable Epistemic Access (COREA) Works Consulted: Christlieb, Terry. "Which Theisms Face an Evidential Problem of Evil?" Faith and Philosophy 9 (January 1992): 45-64. Griffin, David. Evil Revisited: Responses and Reconsiderations. Albany: SUNY Press, 1991. -Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã - -. God, Power and Evil: A Process Theodicy. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976. Plantinga, Alvin. "Epistemic Probability and Evil." Archivio di Filosophia 56 (1988). - - -. "The Probabilistic Argument from Evil." Philosophical Studies 35 (January 1979): 1-53. Reichenbach, Bruce. "Natural Evils and Natural Laws: A Theodicy for Natural Evils." International Philosophical Quarterly 16 (June, 1976): 179-88. Rowe, William L. "Ruminations About Evil," Philosophical Perspectives 5 (1991).
Thursday, October 24, 2019
By around the turn of 1760s decade a great controversy arose in the British parliament over whether to maintain the sugar colonies of the Atlantic Caribbean Islands and forfeit Canada or vice versa. The later had the advantage of a wealthy fur trade, while as mentioned the former was promising in the sugar industry. However, all ended in 1763 by the historic signing of the Peace of Paris which saw the proponents of the Canadian option win. Going by the terms of the treaty, Britain was to benefit from all colonies of North America formerly under France.The regions to the east of Mississippi down to Florida (acquired from Spain) were also declared a British possession as per the terms of the treaty. In as much as the treaty favored Britain, it is important to realize that the cost of maintaining her possession in this area was in turn inflated. The expenses of maintaining, governing and also defending imperial wealthy had a negative impact on the economy of the Britons. This realizatio n had in contrast to the expectation of British policy makers who had thought that the American colonies will be self sustaining.It became expensive for the government of UK to maintain the defense troops in the Canadian soil. Therefore in response the government budgeted to maintain about 8000 troops in North America alone and this was to be maintained by an allotment of the cost of ? 400000. This responsibility proved a burden to the royal government which was already being overburdened by its defense and war plans. Following this, measures to increase revenue were taken and by the following year (1764) George Grenville, prime minister then, introduced an act in parliament, dubbed the sugar act aimed at spreading the burden of empirial maintenance to colonies.As expected the colonialists rose in protest against these measures because they envisioned them as a shifted burden. The French and Indian wars provided a major lesson upon which the British ministry based its policy making in the process of quelling the North American Indians. The Indians who were now becoming a nuisance to the British ministry maintained that that the Ohio state belonged to them. After 1763 the rising resentments in the Ohio prompted the British government to ban settlement in the region to the west of the Appalachians.Dominion Status: Before the year 1763, the empire meant nothing more than a trade region. It provided a wider market and also a source of valuables such as fur from India and Canada, rubber from Liberia of West Africa and sugar from the Caribbean. However, after 1763 it signified dominion as well. The acquisition of empire never came with massive wealthy acquisition as might have been expected. As previously mentioned it brought with it an array of problems in the areas of defense, administration and even finance.The aftermath of the seven years of war (1756-1763) the administration of the empire and ministers back in England agreed unanimously the supremacy of the leg islative parliament should be elevetated to have powers to repeal laws of the empire at large. In addition to this, the strong relation in the empire should be strengthened to facilitate the colonial empire to pay for their maintenance. Augmentation of Imperial Army in Ireland: The imperial ideas of the government back in London were clearly envisaged in the proposition by the British parliament to augment Ireland based army.However, with effect of 1763 there arose a problem in the Ã¢â¬ËgarrisonÃ¢â¬â¢ and maintenance of the army, especially in the far away colonies. According to the ministers of the government in London, Ireland had the least opportunity of providing soldiers and recruits to the imperial army. The period between 1763 and 1767 saw the empirial demand for soldiers increase and therefore a quick source for more soldiers had to be sought. The British general who was to approach Ireland to supply extra soldiers had in mind that any indirect rule through Ireland offic ials would not by any means succeed.This conclusion by Townsend was as a result of a long and protracted persuasion of the Irish parliament to accept on the proposal to release recruits to the colonial empire. It was clear that any colonial indirect rule through Irish governors had to be discarded and replaced by the colonial official from England. This last proposal was accepted by the Irish parliament. However, the new system only came with increased responsibilities in terms of military regiments after 1763. French and Indian War: The French and Indian wars brought about policy changes in the ministry back in England.The American revolution of 1760 was sparked off by this policy which had its major aim to collect taxes for the empirical governance. Others still suggest that Quebec Act, which was followed by the proclamation of 1763, the issue of the stamp act, Townsend activities and duties and also the tea act of Bolton are seen as the major contributor to the rapid turn of even ts by the British towards the governance of the empire. Others on this least are the major wars against Indians and France, which are said to have financially affected the British ministry.These issues defined the British approach in the vast North American colony from 1763 to the final dismal of the North American by the independence of America in 1776. Quebec Act of 1774: This act was meant to increase the civil governance in the newly acquired colonies of North America, but as it turned out the act provided in some way for the extension of the territory under the Quebec government to western side, a territory that had been relinquished by the France in 1763. It therefore meant that the act violated the rights the colonists back in Canada considered their natural birthright.References: 1. Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754Ã¢â¬â1766. New York: Knopf, 2000. 2. Marshal, Peter. British Empire: The Cambridge il lustrated history of the British Empire, Cambrigde University Press, 1999. 3. Cootes, John. Britain since 1700: Longman Secondary Histories, Longman Group Ltd, 1968. 4. Raimo, John W. Biographical Directory of American Colonial and Revolutionary Governors, 1607-1789. Westport, Conn. : Meckler, Books, 1980.
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Social networks are becoming increasingly important in higher education as the format of course delivery changes to include hybrid and online models, and as the social network offers students a way to stay in touch, creating face-to-face like conversations and other interactions away from the physical classroom. From this perspective, social networks are particularly important for adult learners who often have complex, busy schedules that may not enable them to participate in face-to-face events at their institutions of choice, or may prohibit them from participating during Ã¢â¬Å"regularÃ¢â¬ classroom hours. Online social media participation can happen anytime, anywhere, and fills the need of adult or distance (or both) students to feel connected to their classmates, their instructors, and their institutions. My experience teaching both face-to-face and online courses with and without the use of social networks has shown me how valuable they can be to overall student engagement. In both cases, before turning to using a social network (in my case, Yammer) as a web course space, I tried using other formats for student engagement such as blogs, wikis, and forums. I found that the Ã¢â¬Å"chattyÃ¢â¬ nature of social networks made a big difference in the kind of student participation I saw and the length, depth, and consistency of student-to-student and group-to-group (many-to-many) interactions that occurred in my courses. Read more: Essay AboutÃ Happiest Moments in Life Social networks most closely resemble what happens in face-to-face discussions, and therefore resulted in the students feeling more committed, engaged, and known to each other and the course, as well as (potentially) to the institution. Other factors contributing to the increased engagement with the use of social networks are: (1) The low learning curve: Most people are familiar with Facebook, and can therefore easily adopt any similar social network without feeling burdened by having to learn anything new; (2) Familiar faces: The use of a photograph alongside the students and professors or administrators postings goes a long way to heighten a sense of familiarity. Often I found students knew each other and me from the social network so well that when we finally met in person, it felt very familiar; (